Daily Current Affairs Quiz – Day 85

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#1. Which of the following countries is cooperating with India in the setting up of a national maritime heritage museum at Lothal in Gujarat?

(c)

India and Portugal will cooperate in the setting up of a national maritime heritage museum at Lothal in Gujarat.

The museum will highlight ancient shipbuilding and navigational technologies developed by India.

Portugal Navy looks after their museum (a maritime museum) in Lisbon. Hence it has the required expertise.

In March 2019, GoI had allocated a grant for building the maritime museum and the foundation stone was laid by PM Modi.

Implementing agencies – Ministry of Shipping through its Sagarmala programme, with the involvement of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the State government and other stakeholders.

#2. Consider the following statements. 1. The Representation of Peoples Act 1950 specifies the conditions for listing a political party as ‘national party’, ‘state party’ or ‘registered party’. 2. Currently, in India, only eight political parties are recognized as national parties. 3. Once recognized as a national or a state party, a political party retains that status irrespective of its performance in the successive elections. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Answer (a)

The Election Commission lists political parties as “national party”, “state party” or “registered (unrecognized) party”. The conditions for being listed as a national or a state party are specified under the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968.

Currently, in India, only eight political parties are recognized as national parties. They are Congress, BJP, BSP, NCP, CPI, CPI (M), Trinamool Congress and NPP.

Once recognized as a national or a state party, a political party retains that status irrespective of its performance in the next election. It loses the given stats, if it fails to fulfil any of the conditions for two successive Assembly and two successive Lok Sabha elections.

 

#3. Consider the following statements regarding “Samadhi Buddha Statue”: 1. It is situated at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. 2. The Buddha is depicted in the position of “Dhyana Mudra” (Earth-Touching Mudra). 3. Bhumisparsha Mudra symbolizes Buddha’s calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara (desire). Which of the above statements is/are Correct?

Answer (d)

About Samadhi Buddha Statue:

The famous statue is situated at Mahamevnāwa Park in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.

This is considered to be one of best sculptures of Anuradhapura era (377 BC to 1017 AD) which is the first established kingdom in ancient Sri Lanka.

The original statue was sculptured between 4th to 7th centuries AD.

The statue depicts Buddha in the position of the Dhyana Mudra, the posture of meditation associated with his first Enlightenment.

In the Dhyana Mudra the Buddha sits cross-legged with his upturned palms placed one over the other on his lap.

Bhumisparsha Mudra symbolizes Buddha’s calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara (desire).

#4. Consider the following. 1. Equality before the law without discrimination 2. Right to work 3. Right to participate in political and public life 4. Respect for privacy 5. Freedom of movement and nationality Which of the above human rights are recognized under the ‘Convention to Rights of Persons with Disabilities’?

 

Answer (d)

Convention to Rights of Persons with Disabilities recognizes that all members of society have the same human rights – they include civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. Examples of these rights include:

  • Equality before the law without discrimination
  • Right to work
  • Freedom from torture
  • Right to respect physical and mental integrity
  • Right to participate in political and public life
  • Respect for privacy
  • Freedom of movement and nationality
  • right to education, health and work

#5. ) Consider the following statements regarding satellite Ravana-1: 1. It is Sri Lanka’s first satellite designed and developed by local engineers. 2. It has been successfully launched into orbit from the International Space Station. Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer (c)

Sri Lanka’s first satellite ‘Ravana-1′, designed and developed by two local engineers, was successfully launched into orbit from the International Space Station.

It was launched along with two other BIRDS 3 satellites from Japan and Nepal.

The satellite was deployed using the JAXA (Japanese Aerospace and Exploration Agency) owned Kibo experiment module.

Raavana-1 is expected to fulfil five missions including the capturing of pictures of Sri Lanka and surrounding regions, active attitude stabilization which ensures that satellite’s attitude is stable under the influence of external talks.

About BIRDS Projects:

It is a cross-border interdisciplinary satellite project for non-space faring countries supported by Japan.

It is first step towards creating an indigenous space program by designing, building, operating, testing and launching first satellite for participating nations.

BIRDS 3 project involves students from Sri Lanka, Nepal and Japan.

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